20) Guan: Observation
C: Wind is over the earth, observing; ancient kings set up education after examination of the region and observation of the people.
L: Observing, one has washed the hands but not made the offering; there is sincerity, which is reverent.
E: Alertness, gradually progressing through receptivity to the requirements of the time, inner vigilance.
L: Ignorant observation is not blamed in inferior people, but is shameful in superior people.
E: Inferior people having ignorant opinions for materialism are blameless, but superior people who observe the small (materialism) before the great (spirituality) are shameful. This is the lowest level of observation.
L: Peeking observation is beneficial for a woman’s chastity.
E: When flexible yet balanced, one cannot be influenced by inferior people. Even if uninfluenced, when one only cultivates the yin of the self without seeking the yang of others, one’s vision is not far-reaching.
L: Observing personal growth, promoting and repelling.
E: On the boundary of upper (spiritual) and lower (material) observation, one observes personal growth, knowing when to advance (promoting the positive) and withdraw (repelling the negative).
L: Observing the glory of the country, it is beneficial to be the guest of the king.
E: Being flexible and finding what is right, borrowing the great vision of others to remedy one’s own small vision, is observation borrowing greatness through humility.
L: Observing personal growth, a superior person is blameless.
E: Wind advances into the center position, where flexibility and firmness are balanced, and the golden elixir is produced. The golden elixir is hard to attain and easy to lose. Returning the golden elixir to correct balance requires great observation with striving.
L: Observing the growth, the superior person is blameless.
E: After the spiritual embryo is formed, one dwells firmly in flexibility, effortlessly withdrawing yin energy by being pure yang. This is spiritual observation without striving.